Female Labour Force Participation and Economic Development

International Journal of Manpower, 39(7), 896-912, 2018

Posted: 11 Nov 2018

See all articles by Misbah Tanveer Choudhry

Misbah Tanveer Choudhry

Centre for Research on Economic Empowerment of South Asian Women (CREESAW)

J. Paul Elhorst

University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business

Date Written: 2018

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present a theoretical model, which is aggregated across individuals to analyse the labour force participation rate, and empirical results to provide evidence of a U-shaped relationship between women’s labour force participation and economic development. The U-shaped relationship is investigated by employing a panel data approach of 40 countries around the world over the period 1960–2005. It is investigated whether the labour force behaviour of women in different age groups can be lumped together by considering ten different age groups. The paper finds evidence in favour of the U-shaped relationship. For every age group and explanatory variable in the model, a particular point is found where the regime of falling participation rates changes into a regime of rising participation rates.

Keywords: Economic Development, Female Labour Force Participation, Panel Fixed Effect Estimation, Demographic Transition, Interactive Modelling, Arellano–Bond Estimates

Suggested Citation

Choudhry, Misbah Tanveer and Elhorst, J. Paul, Female Labour Force Participation and Economic Development (2018). International Journal of Manpower, 39(7), 896-912, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3269946

Misbah Tanveer Choudhry (Contact Author)

Centre for Research on Economic Empowerment of South Asian Women (CREESAW) ( email )

157-Bradley Road
Luton
London, Bedfordshire LU40AR
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.creesaw.org

J. Paul Elhorst

University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business ( email )

Postbus 72
9700 AB Groningen
Netherlands
050-363 3893 (Phone)
050-363 7337 (Fax)

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