Assessment of Waste Dumping Practices in Mountain Creeks
Mihai, FC., Minea, I., Grozavu., A., 2018. Assessment of Waste Dumping Practices in Mountain Creeks. 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference on Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation SGEM 2018, Conference Proceedings, vol.18 , Issue 5.1 pp. 89-96, ISSN 1314-2704
8 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2018
Date Written: July 2, 2018
The paper examines the exposure of mountain creeks towards illegal waste disposal practices related to the lack of waste collection services in rural areas of Romania prior to EU accession and the low waste collection efficiency following the closure of rural wild dumps in 2009-2010. The paper estimates the amounts of household waste uncollected and disposed in selected small Carpathian rivers in the North-East development region. The expansion of built-up areas along the water courses leads to waste dumping practices across mountain villages in the context of poor waste management facilities. Particular morphology of villages and hydrological characteristics of the creeks may influence the magnitude of such bad practices. The paper points out the role of flash floods in cleaning upstream catchments from debris, thus, polluting the downstream rivers and human settlements. An efficient waste collection system in mountain areas has a crucial role to play in mitigating and ultimately preventing the waste dumping practices in water bodies.
Keywords: waste dumping, water pollution, waste collection, mountain area, floods
JEL Classification: R11, Q15, Q53, Q54, Q56, K32, H31
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