The Sage’s Rule (Plato’s Dream Realized). Supplemental Materials

29 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2018 Last revised: 7 Jun 2019

Date Written: October 22, 2018


The paper presents collection of the following materials. We propose definitions of “Left” (left liberal) and “Right” (conservative, classical liberal) politician - which we’ll need for further analysis. The R&D spending structure statistics shows the business contributes more than Government in R&D, while the Government generally dominates in universities R&D funding. The last piece is the short case study (time line of the reprisal for purely scientific research - Hall, Tabachnikov, 2017). The reprisal is interpreted as an example of fight of bureaucrats and Left politicians: for seizure of discretionary power by bureaucrats and political base extension and consolidation for the “Left” politicians.

Keywords: Left Politicians, Discretionary Power, R&D Spending Structure, National Science Foundation, Scientific Community

JEL Classification: D72, D78, D63, I23, I28

Suggested Citation

Yanovskiy, Konstantin, The Sage’s Rule (Plato’s Dream Realized). Supplemental Materials (October 22, 2018). Available at SSRN: or

Konstantin Yanovskiy (Contact Author)

Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy ( email )

Gazetny pereulok, 3-5
Moscow, 125993

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