Job Quality and Poverty in Latin America

27 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2018

See all articles by Peter Brummund

Peter Brummund

University of Alabama - Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies

Christopher Ryan Mann

University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Carlos Rodriguez‐Castelan

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 2018

Abstract

Labor market dynamics have played a significant role in the remarkable social gains experienced in the recent past across Latin America. Assessing quality of employment, beyond the perspective of income, to include other fundamental aspects of jobs – such as whether jobs are secure, provide benefits, or are satisfying – can shed light on the sustainability of these achievements. This is particularly pertinent given the region's current economic slowdown. Using harmonized data for 15 countries in Latin America, this paper connects the role of job quality with the recent process of inclusive growth across the region, and particularly with how individuals worked their way out of poverty. The paper first proposes a multi‐dimensional measure for job quality, and then uses this measure to compare job quality across countries and over time. The paper also studies correlates of job quality and the relationship between job quality and poverty. One main finding is that job quality across the region began to increase in 2003. The best predictors of job quality are age, gender, firm size, formal employment, and union membership. Benefits and job satisfaction are the dimensions of job quality that are best correlated with not living in poverty.

Keywords: Job Quality, Poverty, Latin America

Suggested Citation

Brummund, Peter and Mann, Christopher Ryan and Rodriguez‐Castelan, Carlos, Job Quality and Poverty in Latin America (November 2018). Review of Development Economics, Vol. 22, Issue 4, pp. 1682-1708, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3272419 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rode.12512

Peter Brummund (Contact Author)

University of Alabama - Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 870244
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
United States

Christopher Ryan Mann

University of Nebraska at Lincoln ( email )

Lincoln, NE 68588
United States

Carlos Rodriguez‐Castelan

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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