Inter‐Group Expenditure Gaps in the Arab Region and Their Determinants: Application to Egypt, Jordan, Palestine and Tunisia

44 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2018

See all articles by Racha Ramadan

Racha Ramadan

Cairo University - Faculty of Economics & Political Science; Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Vladimir Hlasny

Ewha Womans University

Vito Intini

United Nations - United Nations Capital Development Fund; United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 2018

Abstract

Economic inequality across socio‐demographic groups in the Arab region is high and growing. This paper evaluates the differentials in household expenditures across rural/urban areas, female/male‐headed households, non‐educated/educated‐headed households and non‐employed/employed‐headed households, in ten Household Income and Expenditure surveys from four Arab countries: Egypt (2008, 2010 and 2012), Jordan (2006 and 2010), Palestine (2007, 2010 and 2011) and Tunisia (2005 and 2010). Unconditional quantile regressions are used to analyze the differentials across the population distribution and to decompose them by source. Results show that Egypt and Tunisia exhibit relatively high expenditure gaps across rural/urban and non‐educated/educated groups. Expenditure gaps in Jordan and Palestine and those across non‐employed/employed and female/male headed households are more moderate. Overall, education and the return to it, geographic location and household composition play an important role in bringing about, as well as reducing, economic inequality across social groups.

Keywords: Arab region, blinder‐oaxaca decomposition, economic inequality, unconditional quantile regression

Suggested Citation

Ramadan, Racha and Hlasny, Vladimir and Intini, Vito, Inter‐Group Expenditure Gaps in the Arab Region and Their Determinants: Application to Egypt, Jordan, Palestine and Tunisia (October 2018). Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 64, pp. S145-S188, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3273058 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/roiw.12396

Racha Ramadan (Contact Author)

Cairo University - Faculty of Economics & Political Science ( email )

Cairo University
Giza, Giza
Egypt

Economic Research Forum (ERF) ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St.
(P.O. Box: 12311)
Dokki, Cairo 12311
Egypt

Vladimir Hlasny

Ewha Womans University ( email )

11-1 Daehyun-dong
Seodaemun-gu
Seoul 120-750
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Vito Intini

United Nations - United Nations Capital Development Fund ( email )

New York, NY 10017
United States

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA) ( email )

P.O. Box 11-8575
Riad el-Solh Square
Beirut
Lebanon

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