First, Do No Harm: Predictive Analytics to Reduce In-Hospital Adverse Events

41 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2018 Last revised: 21 Oct 2020

See all articles by Yu-Kai Lin

Yu-Kai Lin

Georgia State University - J. Mack Robinson College of Business

Xiao Fang

Lerner College of Business and Economics, University of Delaware

Date Written: September 10, 2020

Abstract

Inadequate patient safety is a serious issue in current medical practice. Medical errors cause adverse events (AEs) for patients and lead to premature deaths, unintended complications, prolonged hospital stays, and higher medical costs. Although the importance of AE prediction and prevention is well recognized in the information systems literature, there is a dearth of research on modeling and predicting AEs caused by medical errors. Following the design science research paradigm, this study describes the search, design, and evaluation of a novel in-hospital AE prediction model, called StoChastic AutoRegressions for LatEnt Trajectories (SCARLET). The proposed model integrates generalized linear mixed model with multitask learning and stochastic time-series processes. Results from our large-scale empirical evaluation show that SCARLET outperforms prior state-of-the-art techniques in predicting harms from medical errors during patients’ hospital stays. Through a simulated experiment, we further demonstrate significant cost savings potential when hospitals implement and integrate SCARLET in their inpatient clinical workflow.

Keywords: design science, healthcare predictive analytics, patient safety, medical errors, adverse events

Suggested Citation

Lin, Yu-Kai and Fang, Xiao, First, Do No Harm: Predictive Analytics to Reduce In-Hospital Adverse Events (September 10, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3273203 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3273203

Yu-Kai Lin (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - J. Mack Robinson College of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 4050
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

HOME PAGE: http://robinson.gsu.edu/profile/yu-kai-lin/

Xiao Fang

Lerner College of Business and Economics, University of Delaware ( email )

Newark, DE 19716
United States

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