Employee Absence: An Organizational Perspective

26 Pages Posted: 29 Oct 2018

See all articles by Jacob Eskildsen

Jacob Eskildsen

Aarhus University

Anders Frederiksen

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Ann-Kristina Løkke

Aarhus University - Department of Marketing and Statistics

Abstract

We study employee absence in Danish organizations. In contrast to Steers and Rhodes (1978), who stress the importance of individual and organizational characteristics in shaping employees' motivation to attend work, we show that absence is predominantly an individualized phenomenon. Because the within-group variation in absence clearly dominates the between-group variation in absence, we argue that companies need to invoke individualized policies to reduce employee absence and demonstrate that HR Analytics is a useful tool in the process; policies targeting particular employee groups such as women or senior workers are inefficient. An additional intriguing finding is that incentives (through promotions and dismissals) are linked to individual absence.

Keywords: absence, absenteeism, HR Analytics, person-effects, incentives, personnel management

JEL Classification: M12, M54

Suggested Citation

Eskildsen, Jacob and Frederiksen, Anders and Løkke, Ann-Kristina, Employee Absence: An Organizational Perspective. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11889. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3273729

Jacob Eskildsen (Contact Author)

Aarhus University ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

Anders Frederiksen

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Ann-Kristina Løkke

Aarhus University - Department of Marketing and Statistics ( email )

Haslegårdsvej 10
Århus V
Denmark

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
22
Abstract Views
76
PlumX Metrics