The Size Effect Continues to be Relevant When Estimating the Cost of Capital
American Society of Appraisers’ Business Valuation Review, Forthcoming
43 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2018
Date Written: October 30, 2018
In this paper, I will review the size effect, potential reasons why one observes the size effect, and correct common misconceptions and address criticisms of the Size Premia (SP). Throughout this paper, I will show that using a pure market factor as the sole risk factor in estimating the expected return provide an incomplete estimate. For the last four decades, research have shown that adjustments to the CAPM are required. I will address some of the criticism to the theoretical basis of the SP and to the application adopted through the CRSP Decile Size Premia and Risk Premium Report - Size Study. Specifically, I demonstrate that the size premium critique by Clifford Ang is not warranted and that the alternative methodology proposed by that author is misleading and cannot be considered as an alternative to the Duff & Phelps’ SP. The methodology the author is proposing picks up statistical errors that he was set to avoid by proposing a variation of Duff and Phelps’ methodology. Finally, I will provide some practical guidance on efficiently and correctly applying SP.
Keywords: size effect, CAPM, cost of capital
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation