§5.22 Crime-Fraud Exception
C. Mueller, L. Kirkpatrick, & L. Richter, Evidence §5.22 (6th ed. Wolters Kluwer 2018)
10 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2018
Date Written: 2018
This article addresses the crime-fraud exception to the attorney-client privilege. It discusses the two-part test recognized by most courts. It also discusses the difficult issues of determining the intent of the client in consulting the lawyer and the line between past and ongoing criminal conduct. It concludes by addressing the proof necessary to claim the crime-fraud exception.
Keywords: crime-fraud exception, exceptions to attorney-client privilege, crimes by client, frauds by client
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