Long-Term Workload Equality on Duty Schedules for Physicians in Hospitals

Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the Practice and Theory of Automated Timetabling (PATAT-2018)

15 Pages Posted: 27 Nov 2018

Date Written: August 3, 2018

Abstract

Staffing hospitals 24 hours a day requires some physicians to be assigned to overnight duties via duty schedules. As overnight duties have an impact on physicians’ personal life, physicians can submit preferences indicating when they would prefer to perform duties and when they would prefer not to be assigned to a duty. The created schedule then tries to respect those preferences. However, some duties are assigned to physicians who have not requested them, simply because nobody requested these duties and they have to be covered. This workload should be evenly distributed. We propose a workload indicator that tracks how much duties physicians perform over several planning horizons. The workload from the past is then used to inform decisions on the current plan. Our workload indicator is integrated into a scheduling model for physicians in hospitals. The application of our model to test data shows that our workload indicator helps to spread workload over all physicians more evenly.

Keywords: OR in Health Services, Mixed-Integer Program, Physician Scheduling, Long-Term Fairness, Workload Distribution

JEL Classification: C61, M54, I10

Suggested Citation

Gross, Christopher, Long-Term Workload Equality on Duty Schedules for Physicians in Hospitals (August 3, 2018). Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the Practice and Theory of Automated Timetabling (PATAT-2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3277259

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