Finding the Warmth of Other Suns? Refugee Reception, Extreme Votes and Hate Crimes

38 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2018 Last revised: 13 Dec 2019

See all articles by Matteo Gamalerio

Matteo Gamalerio

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Mario Luca

Department of Economics, Sciences Po-CNRS

Alessio Romarri

University of Barcelona - Barcelona Institute of Economics (IEB)

Max Viskanic

Department of Economics, Sciences Po-CNRS

Date Written: December 13, 2019

Abstract

Does refugee reception lead to more hate crimes against foreigners? What is the impact of refugee reception on extreme-right voting and which role does the media and specifically internet play in the transmission? Using data on Italian SPRAR refugee centres we show that the reception of refugees across Italian municipalities leads to a decrease in extreme-right voting and hate crimes against foreigners.

Using an instrumental variables approach, we find that doubling the number of refugees hosted reduces the growth rate in the vote shares for the extreme-right parties by 9 per cent (about 1.6 p.p). We also find that increasing by 1 per cent the number of refugees hosted leads to a reduction of about 19 per cent in the change in hates crime over the period between 2013 and 2017. The effect on extreme voting is mainly driven by municipalities which have less internet access, hence have presumably more access to traditional vs. digital media.

Keywords: Political Economy, Migration, Italy, Migrants

JEL Classification: C36, D72, J15, P16, R23

Suggested Citation

Gamalerio, Matteo and Luca, Mario and Romarri, Alessio and Viskanic, Max, Finding the Warmth of Other Suns? Refugee Reception, Extreme Votes and Hate Crimes (December 13, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3277550 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3277550

Matteo Gamalerio (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

c/ Tinent Coronel Valenzuela, 1-11
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Mario Luca

Department of Economics, Sciences Po-CNRS ( email )

28 rue des saints peres
Paris, 75007
France

Alessio Romarri

University of Barcelona - Barcelona Institute of Economics (IEB) ( email )

c/ John M. Keynes, 1-11
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Max Viskanic

Department of Economics, Sciences Po-CNRS ( email )

28 rue des saints peres
Paris, 75007
France

HOME PAGE: http://maxviskanic.com

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