Mobility and Congestion in Urban India

79 Pages Posted: 5 Nov 2018

See all articles by Gilles Duranton

Gilles Duranton

University of Pennsylvania - Real Estate Department

Victor Couture

University of California, Berkeley

Prottoy Akbar

University of Pittsburgh

Adam Storeygard

Tufts University

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Date Written: October 2018

Abstract

We develop a methodology to estimate robust city level vehicular mobility indices, and apply it to 154 Indian cities using 22 million counterfactual trips measured by a web mapping service. There is wide variation in mobility across cities. An exact decomposition shows this variation is driven more by differences in uncongested mobility than congestion. Under plausible assumptions, a one standard deviation improvement in uncongested speed creates much more mobility than optimal congestion pricing. Denser and more populated cities are slower, only in part because of congestion. Urban economic development is correlated with better (uncongested and overall) mobility despite worse congestion.

Keywords: cities, determinants of travel speed, roads, traffic, urban transportation

JEL Classification: R41

Suggested Citation

Duranton, Gilles and Couture, Victor and Akbar, Prottoy and Storeygard, Adam, Mobility and Congestion in Urban India (October 2018). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13291, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3278666

Gilles Duranton

University of Pennsylvania - Real Estate Department ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19104-6330
United States

Victor Couture

University of California, Berkeley ( email )

310 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Prottoy Akbar (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh

135 N Bellefield Ave
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States

Adam Storeygard

Tufts University ( email )

Medford, MA 02155
United States

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