The Rise of Private Foundations as Owners of Swedish Industry: The Role of Tax Incentives 1862–2018
75 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2019 Last revised: 12 Sep 2019
Date Written: November 6, 2018
The tax system has at times favoured firm control through private foundations, which has been argued to inhibit high-impact entrepreneurship and economic growth. However, research has been hampered due to a lack of systematic historical tax data. The purpose of this study is threefold. First, we describe the evolution of tax rules for private foundations in Sweden between 1862 and 2018. Second, we calculate the marginal effective tax rate on capital income. Third, we examine the incentives to use private foundations as a means for corporate control by comparing the taxation of private foundations and of high-impact entrepreneurs. Tax incentives help explain why economically significant private foundations were founded between World War I and the 1960s.
Keywords: family firms; foundations; high-impact entrepreneurship; owner; taxation
JEL Classification: D31; H32; K34; L26; N23; O43; P12; P14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation