Snooze or Lose: High School Start Times and Academic Achievement

51 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2018

See all articles by Jeffrey Groen

Jeffrey Groen

Bureau of Labor Statistics

Sabrina Wulff Pabilonia

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics - Division of Productivity Research & Program Development

Date Written: November 7, 2018

Abstract

Many U.S. high schools start classes before 8:00 A.M., yet sleep science suggests that students’ circadian rhythms shift to later in the day as they enter adolescence. Some school districts have moved to later start times for high schools based on the prospect that this would increase students’ sleep and academic achievement. This paper examines the effect of high school start time on student learning using a nationally-representative sample of students. We also use time diaries to examine the effects of start time on students’ time allocation in order to fully explore the mechanisms through which changing start time affects learning. Results indicate that female students who attend schools with later start times get more sleep and score higher on reading tests. Male students do not get more sleep when their schools start later and their test scores do not change.

Keywords: academic achievement, school start times, sleep, time allocation

JEL Classification: I12, I20, J22

Suggested Citation

Groen, Jeffrey A. and Pabilonia, Sabrina Wulff, Snooze or Lose: High School Start Times and Academic Achievement (November 7, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3280312 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3280312

Jeffrey A. Groen

Bureau of Labor Statistics ( email )

2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20212
United States

Sabrina Wulff Pabilonia (Contact Author)

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics - Division of Productivity Research & Program Development ( email )

2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20212
United States
202-691-5614 (Phone)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
112
Abstract Views
753
rank
279,370
PlumX Metrics