Employment and Working Conditions of Selected Types of Platform Work. National Context Analysis: Italy
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018
Posted: 23 May 2019
Date Written: September 24, 2018
A recent development on European labour markets, platform work, has attracted significant attention in academic and policy circles (Eurofound, 2015). Still, much of the available evidence is anecdotal, and there is limited understanding of the implications of platform work for the labour market and for the workers.
There is no uniform definition for platform work or related concepts in Italy. For this report, platform work takes its definition from Eurofound (2018) as follows: Platform work refers to an employment form that uses an online platform to enable organisations or individuals (workers) to access other organisations or individuals (clients) to solve specific problems or to provide specific services in exchange for payment.
Thus, the research focus is on online platforms matching supply and demand for paid labour.
The main features of platform work, as understood in this report, are: Paid work organised through online platforms; three parties involved, including the online platform, client and worker; aim is to conduct specific tasks or solve specific problems; form of outsourcing/contracting out; break-down of ‘jobs’ into ‘tasks’; on-demand services.
This working paper is the country contribution for Italy for Eurofound’s research project ‘Digital age: Employment and working conditions of selected types of platform work’. It explores the context of platform work in Italy in terms of the applicable regulatory frameworks as well as the organisation and representation of platform workers in the country.
The analysis is based on desk research and 7 semi-structured interviews with experts from academia (3), policymakers (1) and representatives of employee and employer organisations (3) between December 2017 and January 2018.
Keywords: platform work, labour platform, Italy, gig-economy, union, employment law
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