No Welfare Magnets – Free Movement and Cross-Border Welfare in Germany and Denmark Compared

Journal of European Public Policy (2018)

33 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2018

See all articles by Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen

Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science

Benjamin Werner

University of Bremen - Institute for Intercultural and International Studies (INIIS)

Date Written: November 9, 2018

Abstract

A ‘dually open’ free movement system has evolved in the European Union (EU), granting EU citizens the right to free movement within the Union as well as cross-border welfare rights. Some scholarly literature and public debates have characterized the system as corrosive to the nationally organized welfare state, which will become a ‘magnet’ for the European poor. This paper examines how the German and Danish welfare states have responded to the ‘dual open’ system and its outcomes in terms of EU citizens’ take-up rate of non-contributory benefits between 2007 and 2015. We show that the domestic responses were mostly restrictive and that outcomes remained rather stable. Our findings do not support the welfare magnet thesis but instead identify a tendency to a bifurcated social protection system for EU citizens in Germany.

Keywords: Bifurcated Social Protection; European Union; Free Movement of People; Welfare Magnet Thesis; Welfare State

Suggested Citation

Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg and Werner, Benjamin, No Welfare Magnets – Free Movement and Cross-Border Welfare in Germany and Denmark Compared (November 9, 2018). Journal of European Public Policy (2018), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3281685 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3281685

Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science ( email )

Øster Farimagsgade 5
Copenhagen
Denmark
+45 3532 3426 (Phone)

Benjamin Werner

University of Bremen - Institute for Intercultural and International Studies (INIIS) ( email )

PO Box 33 04 40
Bremen, 28334
Germany

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