Risk Information, Investor Learning, and Informational Feedback
47 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2018 Last revised: 25 Jan 2022
Date Written: January 24, 2022
This paper studies how public information regarding a firm's riskiness affects investors' incentives to acquire information about the firm and the firm's ability to learn decision-useful information from its price. I find that risk information complements investor learning by informing investors of when it is most lucrative to investigate the firm, thereby reducing liquidity. Furthermore, risk information causes the firm's price to contain more information when its investment decisions have the greatest impact on its value, thereby improving real efficiency. Extensions of the model suggest that the impact of risk information on real efficiency may deteriorate when the firm's manager is excessively exposed to idiosyncratic risk, when the firm's shareholders are excessively averse to such risk, or when the disclosure concerns a ``downside risk.'' In sum, my analysis suggests that information regarding firms' expected values and their risks significantly differ in their effects on the capital market.
Keywords: Risk Disclosure, Liquidity, Investment Efficiency
JEL Classification: M41, G10, G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation