Impact of Terms-of-Trade on Business Cycles of Slovakia, Czech Republic and Croatia
8 Pages Posted: 20 Nov 2018
Date Written: September 8, 2016
Different theoretical and empirical studies lead to the different results. Different theories suggest a positive as well as a negative relation between the terms-of-trade and trade balance. The traditional Keynesian Harberger-Laursen-Metzler effect of the terms-of-trade on the trade balance is positive. According to the Obsfeld-Svensson-Razin effect the positive relation between the terms-of-trade and trade balance is the smaller, the higher a persistence of the terms-of-trade shocks is. The empirical studies do not support statistically significant impact of the terms-of-trade on the output in the developing countries. The goal of the paper is to verify an impact of the terms-of-trade on the Slovak Czech and Croatian business cycles and trade balances. Using the structural vector auto-regression analysis of the terms-of-trade, trade balance, output, consumption and investment cyclical components, we show that the relationship between the terms-of-trade and trade-balance is negative in the Slovak and Czech economy. The relationship between the terms-of-trade and trade-balance is statistically insignificant in the Croatian economy. Terms-of-trade shocks explain only small fraction of business cycles in the Slovak, Czech and Croatian economies. Data exhibit Obstfeld-Svensson-Razin effect of the terms-of-trade on the trade balance.
Keywords: innovation, terms-of-trade, business cycle, Slovak economy, Czech economy, Croatian economy, trade balance, market
JEL Classification: C32, E32, F14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation