A Study of African Centered Thought on Educational Policy: The Expansion of School Choice Program
3 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2018 Last revised: 12 Dec 2018
Date Written: November 13, 2018
The purpose of this research is to explore the implications of policy on education for the expansion of school choice programs (SCP) through the lens of African Centered Thought and how that policy impacts the phenomenon commonly known as the school to prison pipeline (STPP) among Black and Latino male students between the ages 13-18. The question will be answered in two parts. The first question, does the school choice program implement practices of the zero-tolerance policy (ZTP)? The second question, is the expansion of school choice program associated to the school to prison pipeline phenomenon that effects Black and Latino male students between the ages 13-18? The effects are measured by dropouts, suspensions, expulsions, and incarceration rates that impact Black and Latinos male students between the ages 13-18 more greatly than white students and other demographics. The school to prison pipeline is a social phenomenon that impacts the criminal justice system and public policy. The school to prison pipeline is an implemented policy called the zero-tolerance. The policy has disproportionately affected the Blacks and Latinos due to the large numbers reflected in the criminal justice system. The policy was implemented in the United States and Canada in 1994 to prevent firearms in school. If the student was caught with a firearm, they were supposed to be expelled for a year or the school could face losing federal funding. The policy is to prevent any violence and drug abuse in school. The research will focus on the question, how will the school choice program expansion impact the school to prison pipeline (STPP) among K-12 students? School choice is a term used for K-12 public education options in the United States, describing a wide array of programs offering students and their families alternatives to publicly provided schools. Students are usually assigned by the location of their family residence. Vouchers, charter schools, magnet schools are included. The thinkers of African Centered Thought will be analysis to understand the elements of removing Eurocentricity from schools and how schools can be established on African Centered Thought. There must be an understanding of pre-colonial education in Africa, to know the value of education to those of African descent. The history of education for people of African descent must be examined to fully grasp the struggles and obstacles to obtain knowledge and a higher learning. To better understand the impact of the policy, there must be analysis of the charter schools used in states with the highest incarceration, the charter schools can be measured by the dropouts, suspensions, expulsions and incarceration rates. Then, a comparison of the dropouts, suspensions, expulsions and incarcerations rates between the charter school programs and the school to prison pipeline to understand the implications of the policy and phenomenon.
Keywords: African Centered Thought, School Choice Program
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