Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality

Benshaul‐Tolonen, A. (2018), Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality. Econ J. DOI/10.1111/ecoj.12625

Posted: 9 Dec 2018

See all articles by Anja Benshaul-Tolonen

Anja Benshaul-Tolonen

Barnard College - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 16, 2018

Abstract

Local industrial development has the potential to improve health and well-being, while also damaging health through exposure to harmful pollution. It is an empirical question which of these effects dominate. Exploiting the quasi-experimental expansion of African large-scale gold mining, I find that local infant mortality rates decrease by more than 50% alongside rapid economic growth. The instantaneous reduction is comparable to overall gains in infant survival rates in the study countries from 1970 to today. The results are robust to migration. Local industrial development — despite risk of pollution — may be an effective tool to reduce infant mortality in developing countries.

Keywords: Infant Mortality, Industrial Development, Mining, Economic Growth

JEL Classification: J13, O12, O13, O14

Suggested Citation

Tolonen, Anja, Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality (May 16, 2018). Benshaul‐Tolonen, A. (2018), Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality. Econ J. DOI/10.1111/ecoj.12625, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3284526

Anja Tolonen (Contact Author)

Barnard College - Department of Economics ( email )

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New York, NY 10027
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