Deconstructing the Security Council’s Failure to Refer the Conflict in Syria to the International Criminal Court
Amanda Kramer (2015) Deconstructing the Security Council's Failure to Refer the Conflict in Syria to the International Criminal Court. Queen's Political Review, 3(1): 45-60.
15 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2018 Last revised: 17 Dec 2021
Date Written: 2015
Conflict has been ongoing in Syria since March 2011, when the government arrested and tortured 14 school children, and subsequently began a campaign of violence against protesters. Violence in the country has escalated following the organisation of rebel groups into government opposition forces. Mass atrocities have taken place at the hands of both sides, with the United Nations declaring that crimes against humanity and war rimes have been committed. The Security Council failed to refer the situation to the ICC in 2014, due to Russia and China utilising the veto power. This article contends that the individual self-interest of Russia and China were motivating factors for the use of their veto power; counter to the protection of international peace and security. Suggestions are put forth regarding how to remedy the issue of political consideration entering into future Security Council referral decision-making.
Keywords: Syria, International Criminal Court, veto power, international relations, Security Council
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation