Data Governance in Connected Cars: The Problem of Access to In-Vehicle Data
Forthcoming in: JIPITEC (Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Law)
33 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2018
Date Written: November 14, 2018
Through the application of the technological solution of the “extended vehicle” concept the car manufacturers can capture exclusive control of the data of connected cars leading to serious concerns about negative effects on competition, innovation and consumer choice on the markets for aftermarket and other complementary services in the ecosystem of connected and automated driving. Therefore a controversial policy discussion has emerged in the EU about access to in-vehicle data and the connected car for independent service providers in the automotive industry. This paper claims that this problem should be seen as part of the general question of the optimal governance of data in the ecosystem of connected and automated mobility. The paper offers an overview about this policy discussion and analyzes this problem from an economic perspective by using a market failure analysis. Besides competition problems (esp. on markets for aftermarket and other services in the connected car) also market failures in regard to technological choice (extended vehicle vs. interoperable on-board application platform) and information and privacy problems (“notice and consent” solutions) can emerge, leading to the question of appropriate regulatory solutions. The paper discusses solutions through data portability, data rights, competition law, and recommends a sector-specific regulatory approach.
Keywords: data governance, connected cars, data economy, data access
JEL Classification: K23, K24, L62, L86, O33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation