Immigrant Ethnic Composition and the Adoption of Women's Suffrage in the United States

"Immigrant Ethnic Composition and the Adpoption of Women's Suffrage in the United States," in Public Choice Analyses of American Economic History, edited by Joshua Hall and Marcus Witcher, Chapter 8, pp. 167-178, with Wong, Crystal, and Hall, Joshua. August 13, 2018

Posted: 11 Dec 2018

See all articles by J. R. Clark

J. R. Clark

The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Joshua C. Hall

West Virginia University

Ho-Po Crystal Wong

National Tsing Hua University - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 9, 2018

Abstract

This paper seeks to understand the role played by immigrant ethnic composition in the process of women’s suffrage in the United States. Any theory of the extension of voting rights to women must explain why native men voted to extend the franchise to women. In this paper, we consider what we call the “ethnic group threat.” To the extent that native males believed that the political preferences of native women were better aligned with theirs than new (primarily male) immigrants, male voters would be willing to grant women voting rights to secure their social and political status.We use a hazard model and immigration data from 1870 to 1920 to investigate the impact of immigrant ethnic composition on women suffrage, we find that states with a higher proportion of immigrants from Italy, Eastern/Southern Europe, and Mexico gave women the the right to vote faster.

Suggested Citation

Clark, Jeff R. and Hall, Joshua C. and Wong, Ho-Po Crystal, Immigrant Ethnic Composition and the Adoption of Women's Suffrage in the United States (October 9, 2018). "Immigrant Ethnic Composition and the Adpoption of Women's Suffrage in the United States," in Public Choice Analyses of American Economic History, edited by Joshua Hall and Marcus Witcher, Chapter 8, pp. 167-178, with Wong, Crystal, and Hall, Joshua. August 13, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3286038

Jeff R. Clark (Contact Author)

The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga ( email )

Department of Economics
Suite 313 Fletcher Hall
Chattanooga, TN 37403-2598
United States

Joshua C. Hall

West Virginia University ( email )

Morgantown, WV 26506
United States

Ho-Po Crystal Wong

National Tsing Hua University - Department of Economics ( email )

Hsin Chu 3, Taiwan 30013
China

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