Child Access Prevention Laws and Juvenile Firearm-Related Homicides

41 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2018

See all articles by D. Mark Anderson

D. Mark Anderson

University of Washington - Economics

Joseph J. Sabia

San Diego State University - Department of Economics

Erdal Tekin

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Debate over safe-storage gun regulations has captured public attention in the aftermath of several high-profile shootings committed by minors. Whether these laws actually decrease youth gun violence, however, is an unanswered question. Using data from the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports for the period 1985-2013, this study is the first to estimate the relationship between child access prevention (CAP) laws and firearm-related homicides committed by juveniles. Our results suggest that CAP laws are associated with a 19 percent reduction in juvenile firearm-related homicides. The estimated effect is stronger among whites than blacks and is driven by states enforcing the strictest safe-storage standard. We find no evidence that CAP laws are associated with firearm-related homicides committed by adults or with non-firearm-related homicides committed by juveniles, suggesting that the observed relationship between CAP laws and juvenile firearm-related homicides is causal.

Keywords: gun control, child access prevention laws, homicides, crime

JEL Classification: K4, H7

Suggested Citation

Anderson, D. Mark and Sabia, Joseph J. and Tekin, Erdal, Child Access Prevention Laws and Juvenile Firearm-Related Homicides. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11898, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3286157

D. Mark Anderson (Contact Author)

University of Washington - Economics ( email )

Seattle, WA
United States

Joseph J. Sabia

San Diego State University - Department of Economics ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
United States

Erdal Tekin

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

University Plaza
Andrew Young School of Policy Studies
Atlanta, GA 30303
United States
404-651-3968 (Phone)
404-651-4985 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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