Measuring the Impact of Household Innovation Using Administrative Data

54 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2018

See all articles by Javier Miranda

Javier Miranda

US Census Bureau — Economy-Wide Statistics Division

Nikolas Jason Zolas

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies; University of California, Davis

Date Written: November 2018

Abstract

We link USPTO patent data to U.S. Census Bureau administrative records on individuals and firms. The combined dataset provides us with a directory of patenting household inventors as well as a time-series directory of self-employed businesses tied to household innovations. We describe the characteristics of household inventors by race, age, gender and U.S. origin, as well as the types of patented innovations pursued by these inventors. Business data allows us to highlight how patents shape the early life-cycle dynamics of nonemployer businesses. We find household innovators are disproportionately U.S. born, white and their age distribution has thicker tails relative to business innovators. Data shows there is a deficit of female and black inventors. Household inventors tend to work in consumer product areas compared to traditional business patents. While patented household innovations do not have the same impact of business innovations their uniqueness and impact remains surprisingly high. Back of the envelope calculations suggest patented household innovations granted between 2000 and 2011 might generate $5.0B in revenue (2000 dollars).

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Suggested Citation

Miranda, Javier and Zolas, Nikolas Jason, Measuring the Impact of Household Innovation Using Administrative Data (November 2018). NBER Working Paper No. w25259, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3286879

Javier Miranda (Contact Author)

US Census Bureau — Economy-Wide Statistics Division ( email )

Washington, DC
United States

Nikolas Jason Zolas

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies ( email )

4700 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States

University of California, Davis ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Apt 153
Davis, CA 95616
United States

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