Experience Does not Eliminate Bubbles: Experimental Evidence
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 2018-092/II
51 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2018
Date Written: November 15, 2018
We study the role of experience in the formation of asset price bubbles. Therefore, we conduct two related experiments. One is a call market experiment in which participants trade assets with each other. The other is a learning-to-forecast experiment in which participants only forecast future prices, while the trade, which is based on these forecasts, is computerized. Each experiment comprises three treatments that vary the amount of information about the fundamental value that participants receive. Each market is repeated three times. In both experiments and in all treatments, we observe sizable bubbles. These bubbles do not disappear with experience. Our findings in the call market experiment stand in contrast to the literature. Our findings in the learning-to-forecast experiment are novel. Interestingly, the shape of the bubbles is different between the two experiments. We observe flat bubbles in the call market experiment and boom-and-bust cycles in the learning-to-forecast experiment.
Keywords: Experimental finance, asset market experiment, asset pricing, behavioral finance, bubbles, experience
JEL Classification: G40, C92, D53, D90
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation