Urbanization and International Migration From Africa

22 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2018

Date Written: July 20, 2018


Climate change exacerbates desertification forcing millions of rural people to urbanize, especially in developing countries. Our quantitative analysis across African countries highlights migrants’ two typical sequential moves: i) people escape from villages to cities; ii) through cities’ enabling settings, some of them emigrate to developed countries. We find that: i) previous lower fresh water availability – our climate-related proxy – and drops in GDP’s agricultural share in Sub-Sahara seem to boost subsequent urbanization: ii) previously heightened urbanization subsequently inflates emigration rates. Thus, policies to combat land impoverishment/desertification would help both the environment and easing the stress that migration casts on societies’ balance.

Keywords: Desertification, Climate change, Urbanization, International migration

JEL Classification: F22, O15, O18, O55, Q54, R14, R23

Suggested Citation

Ferri, Giovanni and Borsato, Roshan, Urbanization and International Migration From Africa (July 20, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3287930 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3287930

Giovanni Ferri (Contact Author)

LUMSA University ( email )

Via della Traspontina
Roma, Rome 00192

HOME PAGE: http://www.lumsa.it/giovanni-ferri

Roshan Borsato

University Lumsa ( email )

Via della Traspontina
Roma, Rome 00192

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