Urbanization and International Migration From Africa

22 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2018

Date Written: July 20, 2018

Abstract

Climate change exacerbates desertification forcing millions of rural people to urbanize, especially in developing countries. Our quantitative analysis across African countries highlights migrants’ two typical sequential moves: i) people escape from villages to cities; ii) through cities’ enabling settings, some of them emigrate to developed countries. We find that: i) previous lower fresh water availability – our climate-related proxy – and drops in GDP’s agricultural share in Sub-Sahara seem to boost subsequent urbanization: ii) previously heightened urbanization subsequently inflates emigration rates. Thus, policies to combat land impoverishment/desertification would help both the environment and easing the stress that migration casts on societies’ balance.

Keywords: Desertification, Climate change, Urbanization, International migration

JEL Classification: F22, O15, O18, O55, Q54, R14, R23

Suggested Citation

Ferri, Giovanni and Borsato, Roshan, Urbanization and International Migration From Africa (July 20, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3287930 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3287930

Giovanni Ferri (Contact Author)

LUMSA University ( email )

Via della Traspontina
Roma, Rome 00192
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.lumsa.it/giovanni-ferri

Roshan Borsato

University Lumsa ( email )

Via della Traspontina
Roma, Rome 00192
Italy

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