Urbanization and International Migration From Africa
22 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2018
Date Written: July 20, 2018
Climate change exacerbates desertification forcing millions of rural people to urbanize, especially in developing countries. Our quantitative analysis across African countries highlights migrants’ two typical sequential moves: i) people escape from villages to cities; ii) through cities’ enabling settings, some of them emigrate to developed countries. We find that: i) previous lower fresh water availability – our climate-related proxy – and drops in GDP’s agricultural share in Sub-Sahara seem to boost subsequent urbanization: ii) previously heightened urbanization subsequently inflates emigration rates. Thus, policies to combat land impoverishment/desertification would help both the environment and easing the stress that migration casts on societies’ balance.
Keywords: Desertification, Climate change, Urbanization, International migration
JEL Classification: F22, O15, O18, O55, Q54, R14, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation