Horizontal Innovation Networks - by and for Users

Industrial and Corporate Change, Volume 16, Issue 2, April 2007, Pages 293–315

23 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2002 Last revised: 10 Jul 2022

See all articles by Eric A. von Hippel

Eric A. von Hippel

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

Date Written: June 1, 2002

Abstract

Innovation development, production, distribution and consumption networks can be built up horizontally – with actors consisting only of innovation users (more precisely, “user/self-manufacturers”). Some open source software projects are examples of such networks, and examples can be found in the case of physical products as well. In this paper we discuss three conditions under which user innovation networks can function entirely independently of manufacturers. We then explore related empirical evidence and conclude that conditions favorable to horizontal user innovation networks are often present in the economy.

Keywords: horizontal innovation networks, user innovation, information revealing

Suggested Citation

von Hippel, Eric, Horizontal Innovation Networks - by and for Users (June 1, 2002). Industrial and Corporate Change, Volume 16, Issue 2, April 2007, Pages 293–315, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=328900 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.328900

Eric Von Hippel (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )

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