How Can Urban Congestion Be Mitigated? Low Emission Zones vs. Congestion Tolls

26 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2018

See all articles by Valeria Bernardo

Valeria Bernardo

University of Barcelona - Riskcenter-IREA

Xavier Fageda

University of Barcelona - Department of Economic Policy

Ricardo Flores-Fillol

Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV)

Date Written: November 23, 2018

Abstract

The great weight that the car has as a means of mobility in large cities generates significant negative externalities both in terms of congestion and pollution. The goal of this paper is to examine, using a panel of large European urban areas over the period 2008-2016, the effectiveness of urban tolls and low emission zones in mitigating urban congestion. We conclude that urban tolls are successful in mitigating congestion. Instead, low emission zones are not effective. This is a very relevant result, given that such policy is being implemented extensively in Europe.

Keywords: congestion, pollution, congestion tolls, low emission zones

JEL Classification: D62, H23, L92, R41

Suggested Citation

Bernardo, Valeria and Fageda, Xavier and Flores-Fillol, Ricardo, How Can Urban Congestion Be Mitigated? Low Emission Zones vs. Congestion Tolls (November 23, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3289613 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3289613

Valeria Bernardo

University of Barcelona - Riskcenter-IREA ( email )

Av. Diagonal, 690
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Xavier Fageda

University of Barcelona - Department of Economic Policy ( email )

Av. Diagonal 690
08034 Barcelona
Spain
0034 934021947 (Phone)
0034 934024573 (Fax)

Ricardo Flores-Fillol (Contact Author)

Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV) ( email )

Dept. d'Economia (office 310), FCEE
Avinguda de la Universitat 1
Reus, Tarragona 43204
Spain
+34 977 75 98 51 (Phone)
+34 977 75 98 10 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://gandalf.fcee.urv.es/professors/RicardoFlores

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