How Can Urban Congestion Be Mitigated? Low Emission Zones vs. Congestion Tolls
26 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2018 Last revised: 30 Dec 2018
Date Written: November 23, 2018
The great weight that the car has as a means of mobility in large cities generates significant negative externalities both in terms of congestion and pollution. The goal of this paper is to examine, using a panel of large European urban areas over the period 2008-2016, the effectiveness of urban tolls and low emission zones in mitigating urban congestion. We conclude that urban tolls are successful in mitigating congestion. Instead, low emission zones are not effective. This is a very relevant result, given that such policy is being implemented extensively in Europe.
Keywords: congestion, pollution, congestion tolls, low emission zones
JEL Classification: D62, H23, L92, R41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation