Proximate Analysis and Mineral Element Composition of False Yam ( Icacina trichantha) Tuber and Oyster Mushroom ( Pleurotus ostreatus)

International Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2016

9 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2018

See all articles by Esther A. Sunday

Esther A. Sunday

University of Uyo (UNIUYO) - Department of Chemistry

Aniekanabasi U. Israel

University of Uyo (UNIUYO)

Thomas Odey Magu

University of Calabar (UNICAL); Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing

Date Written: August 30, 2016

Abstract

False yam (Icacina trichantha) tubers and oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) were analyzed for proximate composition and mineral composition. The analysis revealed that false yam contained a higher concentration of carbohydrate (91.93% against 49.15% of oyster mushroom) while oyster mushroom contained a higher concentration of protein (46.38% against 5.25% of false yam). Results obtained in this study also revealed that false yam contained a higher amount of magnesium (13.32%) and calcium (18.74%) while oyster mushroom contained a higher concentration of potassium (13.08%) and sodium (21.80%). Both plants had iron and zinc at tolerable level (1.00). This shows that false yam and mushroom have compositions that are similar to other edible root tubers and can be used a s foods.

Keywords: False Yam; Oyster Mushroom; Mineral, Proximate, Chemical Composition

Suggested Citation

Sunday, Esther A. and Israel, Aniekanabasi U. and Magu, Thomas Odey, Proximate Analysis and Mineral Element Composition of False Yam ( Icacina trichantha) Tuber and Oyster Mushroom ( Pleurotus ostreatus) (August 30, 2016). International Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3291131

Esther A. Sunday (Contact Author)

University of Uyo (UNIUYO) - Department of Chemistry ( email )

AkwaIbom State
Nigeria

Aniekanabasi U. Israel

University of Uyo (UNIUYO)

Ikpa Road
P.M.B. 1017
Uyo, Akwa Ibom State 1234
Nigeria

Thomas Odey Magu

University of Calabar (UNICAL) ( email )

PMB 1115, Calabar
Calabar
Calabar, CA Cross River State 540402
Nigeria
+2347067024323 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.unical.edu.ng

Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing ( email )

No. 2 1st North Street Zhongguancum Beijing
Beijing, P.R of China
Bejing, Haidian 100190
China
+8619801310665 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://english.ic.cas.cn/au/

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