Social Comparison Before, During, and After the Competition

In J. Suls, R. Collins & L. Wheeler (Eds), Social Comparison, Judgment and Behavior, Oxford University Press (Forthcoming).

55 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2018

See all articles by Stephen M. Garcia

Stephen M. Garcia

University of Michigan

Zachary A. Reese

University of Michigan

Avishalom Tor

Notre Dame Law School; University of Haifa - Faculty of Law

Date Written: January 13, 2018

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of the interplay between social comparison and competition before, during, and after the competition. We define competition broadly to include an act or process of competition, explicit or implicit, and link it to basic social comparison processes. Before the competition, we consider the lessons of the social comparison literature on motives, individual differences, cultural and social norms, and competition entry decisions. We then review relevant findings on the role of individual factors (personal and relational) as well as situational factors that affect motivation and competitive behavior during the competition. Finally, the chapter examines the social comparison literature on downward comparison, upward comparison, and competition re-entry decisions after the competition.

Keywords: competition, rivalry, decision making, social comparison, entry decisions

Suggested Citation

Garcia, Stephen M. and Reese, Zachary A. and Tor, Avishalom, Social Comparison Before, During, and After the Competition (January 13, 2018). In J. Suls, R. Collins & L. Wheeler (Eds), Social Comparison, Judgment and Behavior, Oxford University Press (Forthcoming).. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3291859

Stephen M. Garcia

University of Michigan ( email )

741 Dennison Hall
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States
734-615-2561 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.sitemaker.umich.edu/stephen.garcia

Zachary A. Reese

University of Michigan ( email )

500 S. State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

Avishalom Tor (Contact Author)

Notre Dame Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 780
Notre Dame, IN 46556-0780
United States

University of Haifa - Faculty of Law ( email )

Mount Carmel
Haifa, IN IN 31905
Israel

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