PSocio-Economic Determinants of Fuelwood Usage by Bread Producers In Owerri North Local Government Area of IMO State, Nigeria
Posted: 18 Dec 2018
Date Written: September 20, 2017
The usage of fuelwood energy for cooking and production by small-scale enterprises is as a result of high cost of an alternative energy source such as electricity and gas, thus, resulting to over-dependence on fuelwood as a source of energy in most rural communities. This study was conducted to examine the socio-economic determinants of fuelwood usage by bread producers in Owerri North Local Government Area of Imo state. A total of 50 bread producers were sampled using a simple random sampling technique. Simple descriptive statistical and multiple regression models were used in the assessment. Results show 48 years as the mean age of the respondents and their household size was 5 persons while the number of years spent in formal schooling was 18 years among others. From the result of the multiple regression analysis, it was discovered that bakery experience in years (x=0.33, p<2.10) and years of schooling (x=0.43 p<2.10) were statistically significant in increasing the quantity of bread produced. It was also learned that the major constraints encountered by the bread producers were a high cost of raw materials, power and price fluctuations, government unfavorable policies as well as the high price of petroleum and diesel product. It was recommended that government should ensure a stable price system in order to avoid price fluctuations of raw materials as well as ensure that there is a provision of regular power supply in order to boost energy supply which will help producers to produce at low cost as well as aid in reducing carbon emission.
Keywords: Fuel wood, Bread producers, Imo State, Nigeria
JEL Classification: Q
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