Cognitive Risk Culture and Advanced Roles of Actors in Risk Governance: A Case Study

Ruchi Agarwal, Sanjay Kallapur, (2018) "Cognitive risk culture and advanced roles of actors in risk governance: a case study", The Journal of Risk Finance, Vol. 19 Issue: 4, pp.327-342, DOI:/10.1108/JRF-11-2017-0189

Posted: 13 Dec 2018

See all articles by Ruchi Agarwal

Ruchi Agarwal

Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad

Sanjay Kallapur

Indian School of Business

Date Written: September 25, 2018

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to explore the best practices for improving risk culture and defining the role of actors in risk governance.

Design/methodology/approach – This paper presents an exemplar case of a British insurance company by using a qualitative case research approach.

Findings – The case study shows how the company was successful in changing from a compliance-based and defensive risk culture to a cognitive risk culture by using a systems thinking approach. Cognitive risk culture ensures that everybody understands risks and their own roles in risk governance. The change was accomplished by adding an operational layer between the first and second lines of defense and developing tools to better communicate risks throughout the organization.

Practical implications – Practitioners can potentially improve risk governance by using the company’s approach. The UK regulator’s initiative to improve risk culture can potentially be followed by other regulators.

Originality/value – This is among the few studies that describe actual examples of how a company can improve risk culture using the systems approach and how systems thinking simultaneously resolves several other issues such as poor risk reporting and lack of clarity in roles and responsibilities.

Keywords: Corporate Governance, Enterprise Risk Management, Risk Reporting, System Theory, Three Lines of Defense Model

Suggested Citation

Agarwal, Ruchi and Kallapur, Sanjay, Cognitive Risk Culture and Advanced Roles of Actors in Risk Governance: A Case Study (September 25, 2018). Ruchi Agarwal, Sanjay Kallapur, (2018) "Cognitive risk culture and advanced roles of actors in risk governance: a case study", The Journal of Risk Finance, Vol. 19 Issue: 4, pp.327-342, DOI:/10.1108/JRF-11-2017-0189, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3292232

Ruchi Agarwal (Contact Author)

Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad ( email )

Hyderabad, Gachibowli 500 019
India

Sanjay Kallapur

Indian School of Business ( email )

ISB Campus, Gachibowli
Hyderabad, 500 032
India
+91 40 2318 7138 (Phone)

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