Deep Learning for Assessing Banks’ Distress from News and Numerical Financial Data
14 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2018
Date Written: November 28, 2018
In this paper we focus our attention on the exploitation of the information contained in financial news to enhance the performance of a classifier of bank distress. Such information should be analyzed and inserted into the predictive model in the most efficient way and this task deals with the issues related to text analysis and specifically to the analysis of news media.
Among the different models proposed for such purpose, we investigate one of the possible deep learning approaches, based on a doc2vec representation of the textual data, a kind of neural network able to map the sequence of words contained within a text onto a reduced latent semantic space. Afterwards, a second supervised neural network is trained combining news data with standard financial figures to classify banks whether in distressed or tranquil states. Indeed, the final aim is not only the improvement of the predictive performance of the classifier but also to assess the importance of news data in the classification process. Does news data really bring more useful information not contained in standard financial variables? Our results seem to confirm such hypothesis.
Keywords: Financial News, Bank Distress, Early Warning, Deep Learning, Doc2vec.
JEL Classification: C12, C83, E58, E61, G14, G21.
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