Filling the Ranks: The Remplacement Militaire in Post-Revolutionary France

Forthcoming, European Review of Economic History

25 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2018 Last revised: 28 Aug 2019

See all articles by Louis Rouanet

Louis Rouanet

George Mason University

Ennio Emanuele Piano

Middle Tennessee State University

Date Written: August 1, 2019

Abstract

Many economists have analyzed the efficiency of a volunteered army relative to a conscripted army. However, they have rarely studied the working of real-world alternative, market-based, military institutions where military obligations are traded among the citizens. This paper fills this gap by studying the rise and fall of the Remplacement Militaire in 18th and 19th century France. This system endured for more than three-quarters of a century until the French government progressively moved toward universal conscription after 1872. We explain why, as the proportion of men drafted increased, the State systematically restricted the trade of military obligations.

Keywords: Military history, French economic history, Economics of property rights

JEL Classification: D73; D74

Suggested Citation

Rouanet, Louis and Piano, Ennio Emanuele, Filling the Ranks: The Remplacement Militaire in Post-Revolutionary France (August 1, 2019). Forthcoming, European Review of Economic History . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3294382 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3294382

Louis Rouanet (Contact Author)

George Mason University ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States

Ennio Emanuele Piano

Middle Tennessee State University ( email )

Murfreesboro, TN
United States

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