Female Autonomy Generates Superstars in Long-Term Development: Evidence from 15th to 19th Century Europe

74 Pages Posted: 3 Dec 2018

See all articles by Jörg Baten

Jörg Baten

University of Tuebingen - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Alexandra de Pleijt

University of Oxford

Date Written: December 2018

Abstract

Many countries did not accumulate sufficient human capital to be successful, because they did not make use of the potential of the female half of their population. Other countries did the opposite and became "superstars" and pioneers in long-term economic development. This view is supported by studying female autonomy and numeracy indicators of 27 countries and 268 regions in Europe between 1500 and 1900. We approach endogeneity issues by exploiting exogenous variation in gender-biased agricultural specialization.

Keywords: Early modern growth, Female autonomy, human capital formation

JEL Classification: N13, N33, O40

Suggested Citation

Baten, Jorg and de Pleijt, Alexandra, Female Autonomy Generates Superstars in Long-Term Development: Evidence from 15th to 19th Century Europe (December 2018). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13348. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3295006

Jorg Baten (Contact Author)

University of Tuebingen - Department of Economics ( email )

Mohlstrasse 36
D-72074 Tuebingen, 72074
Germany
+49 7071 2972985 (Phone)
+49 7071 295119 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Alexandra De Pleijt

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

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