Payment Timeliness and Firm Performance
41 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2018 Last revised: 3 Jul 2022
Date Written: July 2022
Payment timeliness in trade credit transactions is a key metric suppliers use to monitor their buyers. However, firms are not required to disclose payment timeliness information. In theory, late payments could be either a positive or negative indicator of future performance. We find that late payment by buyers is negatively associated with future buyer financial performance and positively associated with subsequent default risk. This suggests that late payments are an indicator of inability to pay on time rather than an indicator that firms are delaying payments to fund profitable investments. The predictive power of payment timeliness for fundamentals is stronger for low liquidity and distressed firms. Finally, we find a significant association between payment timeliness and future stock returns, suggesting that investors do not fully incorporate payment timeliness information. Our evidence regarding the informativeness of payment timeliness is relevant for the ongoing regulatory debate on whether firms should disclose payment timeliness.
Keywords: trade credit, non-bank lending, customer–supplier relationships, stock returns, private information, supply chain
JEL Classification: G12, G23, L14, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation