Blind to Carbon Risk? An Analysis of Stock Market’s Reaction to the Paris Agreement

18 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2018 Last revised: 15 May 2019

See all articles by Irene Monasterolo

Irene Monasterolo

Boston University; Vienna University of Economics and Business

Luca De Angelis

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 9, 2018


There is growing awareness of the fact that a transition to sustainable finance is crucial to scale-up low-carbon investments needed to achieve the climate targets. Nevertheless, most investors’ portfolios are still highly exposed to financial assets issued by “brown” firms, i.e., firms that rely directly or indirectly on fossil fuels energy. Main barriers to portfolio’s reallocation towards low-carbon activities are the lack of a standardized “green taxonomy” and the lack of conclusive evidence on whether it pays to go green. In particular, it is unclear whether the market is reacting to climate announcements by rewarding (penalizing) low-carbon (carbon-intensive) assets. We contribute to fill in this gap by developing an empirical analysis of the low-carbon and carbon-intensive indices for the EU, US and global stock markets, using robust methods to analyze their performance in terms of systematic risk (beta) and portfolio optimization, before and after the Paris Agreement (PA). We test whether the financial market is pricing the PA by decreasing (increasing) the systematic risk and increasing (decreasing) the portfolio weights of low-carbon (carbon-intensive) indices afterwards. We find that the overall systematic risk for the low-carbon indices decreased after the PA, while it increased for most of the carbon-intensive indices considered. Moreover, the weight of the low-carbon indices within an optimal portfolio tends to increase as well after the PA. This evidence suggests that market participants perceive carbon-intensive assets as riskier and hence demand higher risk premia than before the PA, while low-carbon assets start to be considered more appealing for investment opportunities.

Keywords: asset pricing, Paris Agreement, low-carbon indices, high-carbon indices, systematic risk, portfolio optimization, risk-adjusted return, carbon stranded assets

JEL Classification: C22, C58, Q54

Suggested Citation

Monasterolo, Irene and De Angelis, Luca, Blind to Carbon Risk? An Analysis of Stock Market’s Reaction to the Paris Agreement (December 9, 2018). Available at SSRN: or

Irene Monasterolo (Contact Author)

Boston University ( email )

595 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
United States

Vienna University of Economics and Business ( email )

Welthandelsplatz 1
Vienna, Wien 1020

Luca De Angelis

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )


Register to save articles to
your library


Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics