The Intergenerational Behavioural Consequences of a Socio-Political Upheaval

43 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2018

See all articles by Alison L. Booth

Alison L. Booth

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Elliott Fan

National Taiwan University

Xin Meng

Australian National University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Dandan Zhang

National School of Development, Peking University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2018

Abstract

Social scientists have long been interested in the effects of social-political upheavals on a society subsequently. A priori, we would expect that, when traumas are brought about by outsiders, within-group behaviour would become more collaborative, as society unites against the common foe. Conversely, we would expect the reverse when the conflict is generated within-group. In our paper we are looking at this second form of upheaval, and our measure of within-group conflict is the 1966-1976 Cultural Revolution (CR) that seriously disrupted many aspects of Chinese society. In particular, we explore how individuals' behavioural preferences are affected by within-group traumatic events experienced by their parents or grandparents. Using data from a laboratory experiment in conjunction with survey data, we find that individuals with parents or grandparents affected by the CR are less trusting, less trustworthy, and less likely to choose to compete than their counterparts whose predecessors were not direct victims of the CR.

Keywords: behavioural economics, Cultural Revolution, preferences

JEL Classification: C91, N4

Suggested Citation

Booth, Alison L. and Fan, Elliott and Meng, Xin and Zhang, Dandan, The Intergenerational Behavioural Consequences of a Socio-Political Upheaval (December 2018). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13354, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3298754

Alison L. Booth (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia
+61 2 6125 3285 (Phone)
+61 2 6125 0182 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Elliott Fan

National Taiwan University ( email )

1 Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road
Taipei 106, 106
Taiwan

Xin Meng

Australian National University ( email )

Research School of Economics
College of Business and Economics
Canberra ACT 0200
Australia
+61 26249 3102 (Phone)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Dandan Zhang

National School of Development, Peking University ( email )

Beijing, 100871
China

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