Access to Citizenship and the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants

41 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2018

See all articles by Christina Gathmann

Christina Gathmann

Alfred-Weber Institut; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Nicolas Keller

Heidelberg University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2018

Abstract

Immigrants often have lower employment rates and earnings than natives. Our empirical analysis relies on two reforms generating exogenous variation in the waiting time for citizenship. We find that faster access to citizenship improves the economic situation of immigrant women, especially their labour market attachment with higher employment rates, longer working hours and more stable jobs. Immigrants also invest more in host country‐specific skills like language and vocational training. Faster access to citizenship seems a powerful policy instrument to boost economic integration in countries with traditionally restrictive citizenship policies.

Suggested Citation

Gathmann, Christina and Keller, Nicolas, Access to Citizenship and the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants (December 2018). The Economic Journal, Vol. 128, Issue 616, pp. 3141-3181, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3298973 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12546

Christina Gathmann (Contact Author)

Alfred-Weber Institut ( email )

Bergheimer Str. 20
Heidelberg, 69115
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.iza.org/index_html?lang=en&mainframe=http%3A//www.iza.org/en/webcontent/personnel/photos%

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.stanford.edu/~cgathman

Nicolas Keller

Heidelberg University ( email )

Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
1
Abstract Views
35
PlumX Metrics