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Impact of Extreme Weather Events on Injury, Disability, and Death in Bangladesh

25 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2018

See all articles by Sayem Ahmed

Sayem Ahmed

International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) - Health Economics and Financing Research Group

Md. Zahid Hasan

Universal Health Coverage Program

Montira J. Pongsiri

Cornell University

Mohammad Wahid Ahmed

Universal Health Coverage Program

Sylvia Szabo

University of Southampton

More...

Abstract

Background: Bangladesh is one of the countries most affected by natural disasters. While there is increasing evidence on the trends and impacts of climate change, both globally and in Bangladesh, there is limited quantitative analysis on the impacts of natural disasters on population health and the association with socioeconomic characteristics.

Methods: We used a cross-sectional nationally representative household survey data from the ‘Bangladesh Disaster Related Statistics-2015, which provides household characteristics and information on disaster-related injury, disability, and death across 143,980 households between 2009 and 2014. We assessed disaster-related health outcomes namely, injury, disability, and death. We applied three logistic regression models to examine the relationships between individual socioeconomic characteristics, reported disaster-related injury, disability, and death.

Findings: Our study found that 145·9 disaster-related injuries, 14·4 disabilities, and 21·0 deaths per 100,000 population were reported in Bangladesh over 2009-2014. Floods were responsible for the highest percentage of injury, disability, and deaths followed by thunderstorms. The elderly and children were more likely to suffer from disaster related injuries compared to adults. Disaster preparedness was a protective factor for both disasters related injury and disability. Geographic variations in the number of injury, disability, and death were observed across districts in Bangladesh.

Interpretation: The study findings can be used by policymakers to strengthen risk monitoring,
assessment, and preparedness strategies and actions for extreme weather events related to the
rapidly changing climate.

Funding Statement: We did not receive any funding support for this study.

Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no competing interest

Keywords: Natural disaster; injury; disability; death; thunderstorms; Bangladesh

Suggested Citation

Ahmed, Sayem and Hasan, Md. Zahid and Pongsiri, Montira J. and Ahmed, Mohammad Wahid and Szabo, Sylvia, Impact of Extreme Weather Events on Injury, Disability, and Death in Bangladesh (August 12, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3299124 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3299124

Sayem Ahmed (Contact Author)

International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) - Health Economics and Financing Research Group ( email )

Bangladesh

Md. Zahid Hasan

Universal Health Coverage Program

Dhaka
Bangladesh

Montira J. Pongsiri

Cornell University

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Mohammad Wahid Ahmed

Universal Health Coverage Program

Dhaka
Bangladesh

Sylvia Szabo

University of Southampton ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

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