Is Terrorism, Poverty, and Refugees the Dark Side of Globalization?

Quality and Quantity 53(4): 1823-1835 (2018)

17 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2018 Last revised: 15 Jun 2019

See all articles by Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala; Center of Latin American Studies (CLAS) - University of Malaya; University of Malaya (UM) - Social Security Research Centre (SSRC)

Donghyun Park

Asian Development Bank - Economic Research

Alam Khan

KUST

Muhammad Tahir

Comsats Institute of Information Technology

Date Written: December 11, 2018

Abstract

We present a new model on the impact of terrorism on the Deglobalization process. The channels are faster poverty expansion, largest flows of refugees, expansion of trade protectionism, and last but not least, the dramatic expansion of economic desgrowth. This new model is entitled “The Deglobalization Global Evaluation Model (DGE-Model)”. The objective of the DGE-Model is to offer policy-makers and researchers a new analytical tool to study the impact of terrorism on the Deglobalization process of Muslim countries. The applicability of the DGE-Model is not limited to a specific group of Muslim countries or regions, nor is it constrained by the development stage. In short, the DGE-Model is a simple, flexible and versatile tool to study the link between terrorism and Deglobalization. Finally, we apply the DGE-Model to three Muslim countries, namely Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Our sample period is 1999 to 2018, a period which witnessed acceleration of Deglobalization and expansion of terrorism in those three countries.

Keywords: deglobalization, terrorism, war, ISIS, Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, economic modeling, economic desgrowth

JEL Classification: R11, R12

Suggested Citation

Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo and Park, Donghyun and Khan, Alam and Tahir, Muhammad, Is Terrorism, Poverty, and Refugees the Dark Side of Globalization? (December 11, 2018). Quality and Quantity 53(4): 1823-1835 (2018), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3299257 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3299257

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada (Contact Author)

Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala ( email )

Ciudad Universitaria Zona 12
Guatemala, Guatemala city
Guatemala
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HOME PAGE: http://www.usac.edu.gt

Center of Latin American Studies (CLAS) - University of Malaya ( email )

R&D Wisma
Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia
+60126850293 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://ssrc.um.edu.my/

University of Malaya (UM) - Social Security Research Centre (SSRC) ( email )

Malaysia

Donghyun Park

Asian Development Bank - Economic Research ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila
Philippines

Alam Khan

KUST ( email )

Department of Economics Kohat University of Scienc
Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 26000
Pakistan

Muhammad Tahir

Comsats Institute of Information Technology ( email )

University Road, Tobe Camp Abbottabad
Abbottabad, KPK 22060
Pakistan
+923450257036 (Phone)
3450257036 (Fax)

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