대중국 서비스무역 활성화 방안: 주요 업종별ㆍ지역별 분석 (A Research on the Activation Measures of Korea-China Service Trade: Focused on the Major Industrial and Regional Analysis)
251 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2018
Date Written: December 27, 2017
Korean Abstract: 본 연구는 중국 서비스무역 현황과 육성 및 개방 정책을 살펴보고, 주요 업종(의료, 문화콘텐츠, 물류)과 주요 지역(광둥, 베이징, 상하이, 산둥)의 서비스무역 발전 현황과 시장 경쟁, 무역장벽 및 대외협력 사례에 대해 분석하였다. 이를 통해 주요 업종별ㆍ지역별 대중국 서비스무역 확대방안을 제안하였고, 한ㆍ중 FTA 서비스ㆍ투자 관련 후속협상에 대비한 정책적 시사점을 제시하였다.
English Abstract: The Chinese economy has moved away from its past high speed growth rate of 10% per year, and begun to grow at a more moderate rate between 6 and 7%. This slowdown in the growth rate is due to changes in the domestic and international economic environment, which have led to weaker contribution from manufacturing industries, exports and investment, elements that drove China’s economic growth in the past. However, China is actively pushing for a shift in the growth paradigm by responding swiftly to the new economic environment, and continues to show growth in the middle range. In particular, due to the policies for fostering the service sector, the service sector is rapidly replacing the status of the manufacturing sector, and thus the growth speed, economic structure, growth engine, employment and overall economy are being driven by the service sector.
The Chinese government is pushing for the opening of the service sector and fostering the producer service industry through its 13th Five-Year Plan. Aiming to realize these goals, this China emphasizes a high level of open market and external cooperation, and focuses on the development of the service industry and the expansion of the service trade as it did in the past by opening policies.
China’s service trade volume was estimated to reach $657.1 billion in 2016 and exceed $1 trillion in 2020. Among Korean exports to the mass market, the share of service exports is growing from 9.7% (2011) to 14.5% (2016), and China has emerged as Korea’s largest service market and largest service trade surplus country since 2013. The fact that China’s service trade and Korea’s exports of services to China are both expanding rapidly should serve as an opportunity to increase the role of Korea’s services trade with China in the future.
This study seeks to explore new export engines that can boost trade in the services sector. To this end, the study examines ways to boost services trade with China based on an analysis of industries and regions with good prospects.
Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.
Keywords: Service trade, Korea, China
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