Optimizing Regulation for an Optimizing Economy

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law & Public Affairs, Vol. 4, p. 1, (2018).

U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 18-35

14 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2018

See all articles by Cary Coglianese

Cary Coglianese

University of Pennsylvania Law School

Date Written: 2018

Abstract

Much economic activity in the United States today emanates from technological advances that optimize through contextualization. Innovations as varied as Airbnb and Uber, fintech firms, and precision medicine are transforming major sectors in the economy by customizing goods and services as well as refining matches between available resources and interested buyers. The technological advances that make up the optimizing economy create new challenges for government oversight of the economy. Traditionally, government has overseen economic activity through general regulations that aim to treat all individuals equally; however, in the optimizing economy, business is moving in the direction of greater individualization, not generalization. An ever more optimizing economy therefore demands an increasingly smart, optimizing system of regulatory oversight. To ensure that government can properly balance policy goals in the new economy, steps need to be taken now to enhance the technological and analytical sophistication of the regulatory workforce, improve government’s information technology infrastructure, build stronger and more complete collections of data, and draw on policy lessons from other periods of technological innovations. In the optimizing economy, government regulators will continue to play a crucial role in protecting the public from market failures, but, to fulfill that role, government will need to follow the private sector’s lead and build up its own capacity for optimization.

Keywords: Administrative Law, Law and Economics, Public Administration, Regulatory Management, Innovation, Sharing Economy, Information Technology, Risk, Data Collection, Predictive Analytics, Machine Learning Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence

JEL Classification: D73, K2, K23, K24, O38

Suggested Citation

Coglianese, Cary, Optimizing Regulation for an Optimizing Economy (2018). University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law & Public Affairs, Vol. 4, p. 1, (2018).; U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 18-35. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3300304

Cary Coglianese (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania Law School ( email )

3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
215-898-6867 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.upenn.edu/coglianese

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