Who Gets Counted as Part of America’s STEM Workforce? The Implications of Different Classification Approaches for Understanding the Gender Gap in STEM

RAND Working Paper No. WR-1282

29 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2018

See all articles by Drew Anderson

Drew Anderson

RAND Corporation; University of Wisconsin-Madison

Matthew Baird

RAND Corporation

Robert Bozick

RAND Corporation

Date Written: October 25, 2018

Abstract

The STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) economy has been defined by top-down categorizations of occupations by experts. This study takes a bottom-up approach, directly asking a national sample of workers to self-classify their jobs as STEM or not. We identify a sizeable group of workers in what we call the “periphery STEM workforce,” who report working STEM jobs outside of traditional STEM occupations. Women are more likely than men to be in the periphery STEM workforce, but they do not receive significantly higher wages than do non-STEM workers. This aspect of the gender pay gap is invisible using the current classification schemes.

Suggested Citation

Anderson, Drew and Baird, Matthew and Bozick, Robert, Who Gets Counted as Part of America’s STEM Workforce? The Implications of Different Classification Approaches for Understanding the Gender Gap in STEM (October 25, 2018). RAND Working Paper No. WR-1282. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3300391 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3300391

Drew Anderson (Contact Author)

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
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310-393-0411 x6104 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://drewmanderson.com

University of Wisconsin-Madison ( email )

L139 Education Building
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Madison, WI 53706
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HOME PAGE: http://drewmanderson.com

Matthew Baird

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

Robert Bozick

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

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