How Enhancing Information and Communication Technology Has Affected Inequality in Africa for Sustainable Development: An Empirical Investigation

Sustainable Development, 27(4), pp. 647-656 (August, 2019).

Posted: 10 Jan 2019 Last revised: 16 Aug 2019

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Nicholas Odhiambo

University of South Africa - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 14, 2018

Abstract

This study examines if enhancing ICT reduces inequality in 48 countries in Africa for the period 2004-2014. Three inequality indictors are used, namely, the: Gini coefficient, Atkinson index and Palma ratio. The adopted ICT indicators include: mobile phone penetration, internet penetration and fixed broadband subscriptions. The empirical evidence is based on the Generalised Method of Moments. Enhancing internet penetration and fixed broadband subscriptions have a net effect on reducing the Gini coefficient and the Atkinson index, whereas increasing mobile phone penetration and internet penetration reduces the Palma ratio. Policy implications are discussed in the light of challenges to Sustainable Development Goals.

Keywords: ICT; Inclusive Development; Africa; Sustainable Development

JEL Classification: G20; I10; I32; O40; O55

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Odhiambo, Nicholas, How Enhancing Information and Communication Technology Has Affected Inequality in Africa for Sustainable Development: An Empirical Investigation (December 14, 2018). Sustainable Development, 27(4), pp. 647-656 (August, 2019)., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3301218 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3301218

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Nicholas Odhiambo

University of South Africa - Department of Economics ( email )

PO Box 392
Pretoria, 0003
South Africa

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