Violence During Early Childhood and Child Development

55 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2018

See all articles by Matias Berthelon

Matias Berthelon

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Dante Contreras

University of Chile - Department of Economics

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Isidora Palma

University of Chile

Abstract

We study the effects of violence towards children on early childhood development. We contribute to the literature providing estimates of the effects of violence (verbal and/or physical) that control for child-mother unobserved characteristics. We find that violence has negative effects on verbal skills (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) and socio-emotional development (Child Behavior Check List). We also find that violence affects girls in their vocabulary development and increases behavioral problems of both boys and girls, with stronger effects among boys; that the negative effects diminish as children get older; and that they are more harmful among children with less educated mothers.

Keywords: violence toward children, spanking, corporal punishment, child development, cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes, Chile

JEL Classification: O15, J12, J13, I31

Suggested Citation

Berthelon, Matias and Contreras, Dante and Kruger, Diana I. and Palma, Isidora, Violence During Early Childhood and Child Development. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11984. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3301743

Matias Berthelon (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Dante Contreras

University of Chile - Department of Economics ( email )

Diagonal Paraguay 257
Torre 26, Of. 1801
Santiago
Chile

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso ( email )

Avenida Brasil 2950
Casilla 4059, Valparaiso, 2362736
Chile
56-32-27-33-52 (Phone)
56-32-27-34-24 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucv.cl

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Isidora Palma

University of Chile ( email )

Pío Nono Nº1, Providencia
Santiago, R. Metropolitana 7520421
Chile

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