공사립유치원 유형에 따른 교육수익률 추정 (An Empirical Analysis on the Returns to Preschool Education by Kindergarten Establishment Type in Korea)

21 Pages Posted: 2 Jan 2019 Last revised: 25 Jan 2019

See all articles by Geunhwan Park

Geunhwan Park

Pusan National University

Seung-Gyu Sim

Aoyama Gakuin University

Sungwan Hong

Department of Economics, Pennsylvania State University

Gihoon Hong

Pusan National University

Date Written: January 23, 2019

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 본 연구는 국내 유치원 시장을 대상으로 유치원의 설립 유형이 유치원 교육의 수익률에 미치는 영향을 추정하였다. 한국아동패널조사에서 제공하는 인지 및 비인지능력 점수에 기반하여 도시 규모 및 유치원 설립 유형에 따른 유치원 교육의 수익률을 추정한 결과, 7대 대도시에서는 국공립과 사립유치원의 교육 수익률이 통계적으로 유의미한 차이를 보이지 않지만, 중소도시에서는 국공립 유치원이 사립 유치원에 비하여 우수한 교육 서비스를 제공함을 밝혔다. 이러한 결과는 지역적 구분과 무관하게 상대적으로 균일화된 교육서비스를 제공하는 국공립유치원에 비하여 중소도시의 사립유치원의 교육 환경이 열악함을 의미하고 있다는 점에서 유치원 시장의 경쟁 구조와 관련한 정책적 시사점을 제시하고 있다.

English Abstract: This study aims to understand the impact of kindergarten establishment type on the returns to preschool education in Korea. Using data on the cognitive and noncognitive ability test scores from Panel Study on Korean Children (PSKC) to estimate the returns to education by city size and type of kindergarten establishment, we find that there is no statistically significant difference in terms of the quality of education between private and public kindergartens in the 7 major cities in Korea. On the other hand, the results from the sample of small and medium sized cities show that a child who attends a public institution for preschool education is expected to experience a greater increase in both cognitive and noncognitive test scores than an observationally-similar child attending a private institution. The result offers policy implications in regards to the degree of competition in the kindergarten market in that the average quality of education services provided by private kindergartens located in small and medium sized cities is inferior to that of public institutions.

Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.

Keywords: 국공립유치원, 사립유치원, 교육수익률

JEL Classification: C2, D4, I2

Suggested Citation

Park, Geunhwan and Sim, Seung-Gyu and Hong, Sungwan and Hong, Gihoon, 공사립유치원 유형에 따른 교육수익률 추정 (An Empirical Analysis on the Returns to Preschool Education by Kindergarten Establishment Type in Korea) (January 23, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3301844 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3301844

Geunhwan Park

Pusan National University ( email )

mulgeumup beomyeli
Pusan 609-735, 50612
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Seung-Gyu Sim

Aoyama Gakuin University ( email )

4-4-25 Shibuya, Shibuya-ku
Tokyo, 150-8366
Japan

Sungwan Hong

Department of Economics, Pennsylvania State University ( email )

University Park, PA 16802
United States

Gihoon Hong (Contact Author)

Pusan National University ( email )

mulgeumup beomyeli
Pusan 609-735, 50612
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
34
Abstract Views
334
PlumX Metrics