On Unbalanced Data and Common Shock Models in Stochastic Loss Reserving
29 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2018
Date Written: December 22, 2018
Introducing common shocks is a popular dependence modelling approach, with some recent applications in loss reserving. The main advantage of this approach is the ability to capture structural dependence coming from known relationships. In addition, it helps with the parsimonious construction of correlation matrices of large dimensions. However, complications arise in the presence of "unbalanced data", that is, when (expected) magnitude of observations over a single triangle, or between triangles, can vary substantially. Specifically, if a single common shock is applied to all of these cells, it can contribute insignificantly to the larger values and/or swamp the smaller ones, unless careful adjustments are made. This problem is further complicated in applications involving negative claim amounts. In this paper, we address this problem in the loss reserving context and illustrate it using a common shock Tweedie model. We show that the solution not only provides a much better balance of the common shock proportions relative to the unbalanced data, but it is also parsimonious. Finally, the common shock Tweedie model also provides distributional tractability.
Keywords: Stochastic loss reserving, Dependence, Common shock, Unbalanced data, Negative claims, Multivariate Tweedie distribution, Bayesian estimation
JEL Classification: G22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation