Employment Deconcentration: A New Perspective on America's Postwar Urban Evolution

21 Pages Posted: 12 May 2003

See all articles by Gerald A. Carlino

Gerald A. Carlino

Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Satyajit Chatterjee

Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Abstract

In this study we show that during the postwar era the United States experienced a decline in the share of urban employment accounted for by the relatively dense metropolitan areas and a corresponding rise in the share of relatively less dense ones. This trend, which we call employment deconcentration, is distinct from the other well-known regional trend, namely, the postwar movement of jobs and people from the frostbelt to the sunbelt. We also show that deconcentration has been accompanied by a similar trend within metropolitan areas, wherein employment share of the more dense sections of MSAs has declined and that of the less dense sections risen. We provide a general equilibrium model with density-driven congestion costs to suggest an explanation for employment deconcentration.

Suggested Citation

Carlino, Gerald A. and Chatterjee, Satyajit, Employment Deconcentration: A New Perspective on America's Postwar Urban Evolution. Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 42, pp. 445-475, 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=330412

Gerald A. Carlino (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia ( email )

Ten Independence Mall
Philadelphia, PA 19106-1574
United States
215-574-6434 (Phone)
215-574-4364 (Fax)

Satyajit Chatterjee

Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia ( email )

Ten Independence Mall
Philadelphia, PA 19106-1574
United States
215-574-3861 (Phone)
215-574-4364 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/chatterjeesatyajit/home

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